Wednesday, January 23, 2013

Revelation Intro, Lecture 1, Part 2 | Steve Gregg | This is the 2nd half  of Steve Gregg's 1st introductory lecture on the book of Revelation. Steve gives background information that is vital to understanding Revelation and prophecy. He takes a fair look at all the major views of Revelation.

This is the 2012 module of The New Great Commission School in Monroe, WA.

Filmed by BIBLEGATE who asked me to upload to:

Listen to this entire lecture on MP3.

You may download Steve's notes for the 3 introductory lectures here. I've pasted the a portion below.

by Steve Gregg

III. Authorship

 A. The author identifies himself simply as "John" (1:1, 4, 9, 21:2; 22:8)

 B. Church fathers ( e.g. Justin, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian) unanimously attribute the book to the apostle John, son of Zebedee, the "beloved disciple" of Christ, and author of the Fourth Gospel and three epistles.

C. Some dispute the apostolic authorship and would attribute the book to another John, a  presbyter (church elder) thought to have been mentioned in a vague statement of Papias:

"For I have never, like many, delighted to hear those that tell many things, but those that teach the truth...But if I met with anyone who had been a follower of the elders anywhere, I made it a point to inquire what were the declarations of the elders. What was said by  Andrew, Peter or Philip. What by Thomas, James, John, Matthew or any other of the disciples of our Lord. What was said by Aristion, and the presbyter John, disciples of the Lord..." (quoted in Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History , 3:39:4)

D. Against the apostolic authorship, it is argued that the Greek style and grammar of Revelation is very inferior to that of the Fourth Gospel.

"Its grammar is perpetually stumbling, its idiom is that of a foreign language, its whole style that of a writer who neither knows nor cares for literary form." -J.H.Moulton.

"The most uncultured literary production that has come down to us from antiquity"   -Radermacher

E. In favor of the apostolic authorship:

1. The grammar presents no insoluble difficulties. John is elsewhere described as "unschooled"(Acts 4:13).  The other writings of John may owe their polished style to the use of an amanuensis (a secretary/editor, not available on Patmos, where Revelation was written), or to the editorial involvement of the elders of the Ephesian church, where John spent his final years. Alternately, Revelation's poor style may be accounted for by John's haste to write down  visions as they occurred or by his excited mental state.

2. No other person in the early church was so well-known as to be able to identify himself  simply as "John" without requiring further identifying information.

3. There are many concepts and expressions that are common to Revelation and to John's other writings:
a. the "Logos" as a term for Christ (John 1:1/ Rev.19:13)
b. "the Lamb" as a term for Christ (John 1:29, 36/ Rev.5:6, etc.)
c. "water of life" promised to "him that thirsts" (John 7:37/ Rev.22:17)
d. "he that overcomes" (John 16:33/ I John 2:14; 5:4-5/Rev.2:7, etc.)
e. "true"—Gr. alethinos (appears 9X in John; 4X in I John; 10X in Revelation; only 5X elsewhere)
f. "first resurrection" (John 5:24-29/ Rev. 20:5)
g. "keep...from" [Gr. ek tereo ] (John 17:15/ Rev.3:10)
h. Satan "cast out" (John 12:31/ Rev.12: 9, 13)
i. modified quotation of Zechariah 12:10 (John 19:37/ Rev. 1:7)

If interested in the study Biblical prophecy/the end times/last things (Eschatology), you may also be interested in Steve's other studies:

Also very important to understanding the Bible and the issues of dispensationalism vs non-dispensationalism is:

What are We to Make of Israel? (Does God have two peoples or one?)

Steve Gregg's book on Revelation

Revelation - Four Views: A Parallel Commentary by Steve Gregg
Available at
Revelation:  Four Views: A Parallel Commentary